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Pumped Hydro Storage: The Next Big Thing in India’s Energy Storage Market?

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India’s power grid is facing increasing challenges due to the growing penetration of renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. These sources are intermittent, meaning that they do not generate electricity all the time. Energy storage can help to smooth out the output of these sources, making the grid more reliable.

One type of energy storage that is gaining popularity in India is pumped hydro storage. Pumped hydro storage uses two reservoirs at different elevations. During periods of low demand, water is pumped from the lower reservoir to the upper reservoir. When demand increases, the water is released from the upper reservoir and flows through a turbine to generate electricity.

Green Hydrogen

Also, read Establishing A Green Hydrogen Infrastructure in India – Finance and Usage

Pumped hydro storage is a highly efficient way to store energy. It can be used to balance the output of intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power. Pumped hydro storage can also be used to provide grid stability and reliability.

India has a large potential for pumped hydro storage. The country has many suitable sites for pumped storage projects, including dams, lakes, and river valleys. The Indian government has recognized the potential of pumped storage and has set a target of installing 20 GW of pumped storage capacity by 2030.

The government’s target is ambitious, but it is achievable. A number of factors are driving the growth of the pumped hydro storage market in India, including:

  • The increasing penetration of renewable energy sources
  • The need for grid stability and reliability
  • The availability of suitable sites
  • The declining cost of pumped hydro storage technology

The growth of the pumped hydro storage market in India is good news for the country’s energy sector. Pumped hydro storage can help to make the grid more reliable and can also help to reduce India’s reliance on imported energy.

However, there are some challenges that need to be addressed in order to achieve the government’s target of installing 20 GW of pumped storage capacity by 2030. These challenges include:

  • The need for investment
  • The need for land acquisition
  • The need for environmental clearances

Despite these challenges, the future of pumped hydro storage in India looks bright. With the right investments and policies, India can become a global leader in the pumped hydro storage market.


Sneha Shah

I am Sneha, the Editor-in-chief for the Blog. We would be glad to receive suggestions, inputs & comments on GWI from you guys to keep it going! You can contact me for consultancy/trade inquires by writing an email to

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