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It’s Time For The Indian States With Low Solar Utilization Rates To Sit Up & Take Notice

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State-wise Solar Utilization Rate in India

We at Greenworldinvestor had produced two lists in the last months, related to the state wise solar installations (as on 31st Jan 2017) and their respective solar potential.  It is interesting to note that few states though they have a high solar potential have not yet started with any significant installations.As you can see from the list below, states like Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Nagaland have not yet started utilizing the abundant solar power that these states receive. Hence, their solar utilization rate (% Solar installed/ Solar potential) stands at zero.

Compare them to states that sit on the top of the list like Punjab with a utilization rate of 21% and Tamil Nadu at 9%. Others like Telangana, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh follow with 5.3%, 3.2% and 2.5% respectively. Here is the list (in top down order) for your perusal

Sl. No. States/ UTs Installed (in MW) Potential (in MW) % Installed/ Potential
30 Manipur 0.01 10630 0.0
29 Meghlya 0.01 5860 0.0
28 Sikkim 0.01 4940 0.0
27 J&K 1 111050 0.0
26 HimachalPradesh 0.33 33840 0.0
25 Mizoram 0.1 9090 0.0
24 Arunachal Pradesh 0.27 8650 0.0
23 Goa 0.05 880 0.0
22 Nagaland 0.5 7290 0.0
21 Assam 11.18 13760 0.1
20 Jharkhand 17.51 18180 0.1
19 Tripura 5.02 2080 0.2
18 Kerala 15.86 6110 0.3
17 Uttarakhand 45.1 16800 0.3
16 Odisha 77.64 25780 0.3
15 WestBengal 23.07 6260 0.4
14 Maharashtra 430.46 64320 0.7
13 Chhattisgarh 135.19 18270 0.7
12 Bihar 95.91 11200 0.9
11 Rajasthan 1317.64 142310 0.9
10 UttarPradesh 269.26 22830 1.2
9 MadhyaPradesh 850.35 61660 1.4
8 Karnataka 341.93 24700 1.4
7 Haryana 73.27 4560 1.6
6 Delhi 38.78 2050 1.9
5 Andhra Pradesh 979.65 38440 2.5
4 Gujarat 1159.76 35770 3.2
3 Telangana 1073.41 20410 5.3
2 Tamil Nadu 1590.97 17670 9.0
1 Punjab 592.35 2810 21.1

Solar energy is becoming very cheap in India. In fact, India has the cheapest solar system prices in the world, even 20% below China. This coupled with the aggressive solar installation target of 100 GW by 2022 has led to many states adopt solar energy as a source of power. This is time for states like Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Nagaland to sit up and take notice. Though few amongst these have other sources of power, eg, Himachal Pradesh has huge hydro power generation, others should take advantage of the attractive dynamics of going solar in India!

Solar India

Following this suit, states like Goa and Mizoram have already started work in this direction. While Goa has released its draft Solar Energy Policy, Mizoram has already released its solar energy policy, 2017. These states have high solar radiation and are in a good position to benefit from their location and cheap prices. With a growing population in India, there is an ever increasing demand for power. It is imperative for these states to include solar in their energy mix and achieve energy security.

Goa Solar Energy Policy

Goa has set up a target of achieving 150 MW of installed solar power by 2022. The Goan solar policy proposes the usage of solar power plants on canal tops and banks, in industrial, commercial, domestic and other applications. The policy also emphasizes the development of grid-connected rooftop solar plants and provision of net metering facilities. The feed-in tariff applicable to rooftop PV plants is yet to b decided upon.

Mizoram Solar Energy Policy

The other state of Mizoram has set up a target of 80 MW by 2022, mandating all state and central government departments to install solar rooftop systems.

It is encouraging to see these states stressing on the installation of rooftop solar systems, which has failed to catch up in India. It is high time for all the states in India to work jointly for attaining the targets set under the NSM in the larger interest of climate change and global warming.


Sneha Shah

I am Sneha, the Editor-in-chief for the Blog. We would be glad to receive suggestions, inputs & comments on GWI from you guys to keep it going! You can contact me for consultancy/trade inquires by writing an email to

One Response so far | Have Your Say!

  1. Jeetendra S

    A very good Information and Data details, to go in this mention State where they are in 0% Solar Installation, Everyone can do, to SELL Solar Energy products in this States.
    Jeetendra Saraf (Newtronics Green Energy-Jodhpur) We can do Solar System / Consultancy / Liaisoning / Metering / Electrical works for DC & AC side for State of Rajasthan.