Bookmark and Share

Wind Power Plants in India – Guide to Cost and How to Setup a Wind Farm,State Wind Capacity,Wind Subsidies and List of Major Wind Farms in India

51 Comment

Wind Power Plants in India seen a phenomenal growth of  around 33% CAGR in the last 5 years and the total capacity at end of 2010 was 11800 MW with most of the capacity installed in the state of Tamil Nadu which is the largest state in terms of Alternative Energy Capacity in India.GWEC has set an ambitious target of 65 GW for Wind Energy in India by 2020 which means an addition of 5 GW each year which seems too high given the wind power potential in India is only around 65 GW.However using low wind speed sites may increase the potential besides the use of offshore wind power in India.A number of Wind Turbine Manufactures in India have set up facilities attracted by the domestic market with Suzlon being the biggest Wind Company in India.

Wind Power Plant Cost in India

The capital cost is slightly higher than fossil fuel  power plants but much lower than a solar power plant. For a wind farm, the capital cost ranges between 4.5 crores to 6.85 crores per MW, depending up on the type of turbine, technology, size and location.The Running Cost  of a Wind Farm is very low as the fuel cost is zero and operations and maintenance costs are low also.

Wind Power Capacity in Different States in India

  1. Tamil Nadu 4900 MW
  2. Maharashtra 2077 MW
  3. Gujarat 1863 MW
  4. Rajasthan 1088 MW
  5. Karnataka 1472 MW
  6. Madhya Pradesh 230 MW

Total               11800 MW

Note the above capacities are till March 31,2010 and since then the wind capacity has risen by another 1200 MW to reach 13 GW.According to MNRE a total capacity of 13284 MW has been established up to February, 2011, mainly in Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan. Wind electric generators of unit sizes between 225 kW and 2.1 MW have been deployed across the country.

Wind Energy Subsidies in India

  1. Tax incentives – Indian renewable energy companies are entitled to take 80.0% accelerated depreciation on assets employed in renewable energy power generation and benefit from a 10-year tax holiday.
  2. Generation Based Incentives (GBI) -  The Federal Government gives an  incentive of 50 paisa per unit of wind power supplied to the grid by independent wind power producers. The incentive is limited to wind farms with a maximum aggregate installed capacity of 4,000 MW.This is over and above the state fixed electricity tariffs for Wind Energy Generation.
  3. Preferential Tariffs -  State electricity regulatory commissions (SERCS) are encouraged to set preferential tariffs for power produced from Wind energy.You can read the detailed tariffs for wind energy at the CWET
  4. Wind Zone                                                                 Tariff (Rs./kWh)

    • Wind Zone 1  (200-250 W/m2) Wind             5.63
    • Wind Zone 2 (250-300 W/m2) Wind              4.90
    • Wind Zone 3 (300-400 W/m2) Wind              4.17
    • Wind Zone 4 (above 400 W/m2) Wind            3.75
  5. Renewable Purchase Obligations - This is the Indian name for RPS which means the obligation to purchase a fixed amount of electricity generation from renewable energy sources.Each state in India has coordinated with the Central Regulator (CERC) to fix a RPO level.
  6. Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) -  On January 14, 2010, CERC issued the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Terms for recognition and issuance of Renewable Energy certificate for Renewable Energy Generation.
  7. CDM/Kyoto Protocol - Indian Renewable Energy Plant Operators can also benefit from the CERs issued under the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).This improves the project returns and is a form of developed country funds transfer to developing countries in reducing carbon emissions.

List of Major Wind Farms in India

Power PlantProducerLocationStateTotal Capacity (MW)
Vankusawade Wind ParkSuzlon EnergySataraMaharashtra259
Cape ComorinAban Loyd Chiles OffshoreKanyakumariTamil Nadu33
Kayathar SubhashSubhashKayatharTamil Nadu30
RamakkalmeduSubhashRamakkalmeduKerala25
Muppandal WindMuppandal Wind FarmMuppandalTamil Nadu22
GudimangalamGudimangalam Wind FarmGudimangalamTamil Nadu21
Puthlur RCIWescare (India)PuthlurAndhra Pradesh20
Lamda DanidaDanida India /td>LamdaGujarat15
Chennai MohanMohan BreweriesDistilleriesChennaiTamil Nadu15
Jamgudrani MPMP WindfarmsDewasMadhya Pradesh14
Jogmatti BSESBSESChitradurga DistKarnataka14
Perungudi NewamNewam Power CompanyPerungudiTamil Nadu12
Kethanur Wind FarmKethanur Wind FarmKethanurTamil Nadu11
Hyderabad APSRTCAndhra Pradesh State Road TransportHyderabadAndhra Pradesh10
Muppandal MadrasMadras CementsMuppandalTamil Nadu10
Poolavadi ChettinadChettinad Cement CorpPoolavadiTamil Nadu10

Source – Wikipedia

Future Wind Power Plants in India

  1. 102.4 MW Sipla Wind Farm will be located at Jaisalmer District (Rajasthan) CLP
  2. 50.4 MW Narmada Wind Farm at Nallakonda (Andhra Pradesh),CLP
  3. 200 MW Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu by Techno Electric & Engineering Company Ltd (TEECL)
  4. Caparo is builing 500 MW Wind Farms in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra,has placed a $1.2 billion order with Suzlon
  5. 56-megawatt Tuppadahalli wind farm by Accionia
  6. 50MW wind farmAmreli district of Gujarat by Orient Green Power Company
  7. 84 MW Wind Farm in Maharashtra by Orient Green Power Company
  8. 33 MW wind farm Vellappaneri Wind Farm by Beta Wind Farm  which is a 100 per cent subsidiary Orient Green Power

Guidelines by MNRE to set up a Wind Power Plant in India

The Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources had issued guidelines on 13th July,1995 to ensure healthy and orderly growth of the wind power sector. The guidelines were well received, as a step towards streamlining the development of the wind power sector. The Ministry has reviewed the guidelines on the basis of feedback received and experience from their implementation since their issue.

The revised guidelines are addressed to the concerned Authorities in the States,i.e. the State Electricity Boards (SEBs) and State Nodal Agencies (SNAs) that are responsible for clearance of wind power projects and issue of `No Objection Certificates’ (NOCs). They are also addressed to Financial Institutions, including IREDA, who should carry out appraisal of wind power projects in accordance with the guidelines.

You can read the guidelines for setting up a power plant,getting clearances and regulations in detail at the MNRE website.

No Objection Certificates should not be treated by SEBs/SNAs as a mere formality. It is the first and foremost requirement before a wind power project can be undertaken. It should invariably precede commencement of any work related to the project on site. A Technical Committee should be constituted by the respective SEBs/SNAs to periodically consider and provide time bound clearances, followed by issue of No Objection Certificates.
The concerned State Authorities, namely, State Electricity Boards/State Nodal Agencies, as the case may be, should announce a schedule for capacity additions on a six monthly basis, once in the first week of April and another in October every year in line with power evacuation facilities available or likely to be created at different windy locations in the State. Applications should be invited for wind power projects for each location as per the power evacuation facilities available at the concerned sub-station.

No Objection Certificates should be issued, or financing provided, only to those projects that meet the requirements detailed below:-

1.      Detailed Project Reports/Applications for Wind Power Projects: For projects of upto 1 MW capacity, submission of an Application giving details of the project, as per enclosed format (Annexure-I) should be made mandatory. For projects above 1 MW capacity, a Detailed Project Report, prepared by an independent consultant, covering all relevant aspects, including micro-siting (to optimise wind power configuration and layout), selection of equipment, capital cost, cost of generation, energy generation, operation and maintenance, etc. should be made a pre-requisite.

2.      Approved Sites for Wind Power Projects: Clearances/ NOCs should be provided only for installations at locations notified by MNES from time to time. SEBs/SNAs should issue the No Objection Certificate only after analysing the wind data to ensure adequate availability of wind at the specific site.

3.      Type Approval and Quality System Certification: SEBs/SNAs should issue NOCs only to those projects which involve installation of duly tested and certified quality equipment with a view to optimise energy generation. MNES has drawn up a list of manufacturers with models of wind turbines of unit capacity 225 KW and above that have obtained type approval, including power curve certification, from designated international Test Stations and Classification Societies. The list of manufacturers is given at Annexure-II. The list will be updated by MNES on a quarterly basis.
Submission by the Indian manufacturers of Quality System Certification (ISO-9000 series) of manufacturing and installation carried out through an international qualified body or Classification Society should be made a pre-requisite for the issue of NOC w.e.f. 1.1.1997.

No NOC should be issued for a wind power project which involves the installation of used/second-hand wind turbines imported from abroad.

4.      Capital Cost and Cost of Generation: Detailed estimates of the annual energy output should be checked by SEBs/SNAs at the time of clearing the projects in relation to the certified power curve of the machine and the wind speed distribution for the site. NOC should be issued by SEBs/SNAs after careful scrutiny of the capital cost and the cost of generation for optimal utilisation of the potential available at the site.

5.      Commissioning of Projects: Commissioning certificate should not be given unless facilities for evacuation of the rated capacity have been provided and the system is properly connected to the grid. The SEBs/SNAs should also ensure that adequate stock of critical spare parts for atleast two years operation of the project have been provided at the time of commissioning to enable sustained operation and generation of optimum power.

6.      Grid Parameters: It should be ensured that the projects generate power in accordance with duly laid down grid parameters. A penalty should be levied by the SEBs if the projects fail to achieve the minimum monthly average power factor of 0.85 at the metering point on the wind farm premises. They should disconnect the project from the grid in case the power factor continues to be low. A suitable charge may be levied for reactive power to discourage drawal of reactive power from the grid and to avoid free wheeling of the machines.

7.      Performance Monitoring: The submission of a detailed monthly performance report to the SEBs/SNAs, alongwith a copy to MNES, as per enclosed format (Annexure-III) should be made mandatory.

SEBs/SNAs are advised to carry out periodic post commissioning verification to ensure compliance of the various requirements under the guidelines and clearance accorded by them. SEBs and SNAs may carry out regular inspection of windfarms by outside Agencies to ensure that generation is optimal. MNES will also either directly or through suitably designated agencies carry out periodic inspections of the wind farm projects in association with SEBs/SNAs to ensure proper and timely execution and effective operation of the projects. In case of any defaults, the SEBs should disconnect the project from the grid after serving due notice.

Summary

The Indian Wind Energy already has the 5th largest installed capacity in the world and is set to grow at a rapid pace driven by investments from the private sector attracted by the generous wind subsidies from the state and central government in India.Most of the Installed Wind Capacity in India is located in the southern and industrial states of the country.The other states like UP,Bihar lacks sufficient Wind Energy Capacity despite having high power tariffs and substantial electricity deficits.It can be said that Wind Power in India is being developed only in the progressive states like Gujarat,Maharashtra and others.To continue to grow at the same rate,the industry needs to diversify geographically but that would need the backward state governments to pull up their socks.

PG

Abhishek Shah

You might also like:

 

51 Responses so far | Have Your Say!

  1. ninad wadekar

    More details about Solar and Wind Energy

  2. J,Baskar

    to set up power station 1 MW

  3. D Phookan

    What is the potential of Wind Power in the North East India. Can anyone give me the details of space, wind speed required for a wind power plant

  4. srinivas

    HOW TO SET WIND POWER FOR MY HOME

  5. raj

    may i know the anual return from 1mw wind farm .

  6. raj SOSHETTY

    IS IT POSSIBLE TO INSTALL ONE MW WIND FARM ?

  7. sameer

    what is the cost to setup a new wind farm of 1 to 5mw can any one tell

  8. Vallabh Kapadi

    Hi…ds is vallabh Kapadi from Global Power Developers in Mumbai. We undertake micro and mega wind turbine projects all over India and abroad. We do have the necessary skills and experience to undertake mega projects. Please feel free to contact at 9821321361/vallabhkapadi@gmail.com

  9. samadhan chavan

    give me guidline about how to set up commercial wind energy tower .what is proceses to set up wind tower?

  10. Vallabh Kapadi

    Hi all…..Can you all provide me your respective email addresses so that I can send you details about the wind energy plant. Coz there are two files that I have prepared alongwith the calculations that would help you to understand the perfect payback period and all.I wont be able to paste it coz it doesnt accpt beyond certain characters..or send me an email at vallabhkapadi@gmail.com…thanks

  11. Dvir

    Hi All ,
    I would like to get more info regarding to wind farm in India ,
    10X

  12. Dvir Malka

    Hi all ,
    I would like to invest in a wind farm in India,
    can you give me some info how to get started .
    10x

  13. SUSHIL CHAUDHARY

    Hi all ,
    I would like to invest in a wind farm in India,
    can you give me some info how to get started .
    and how much cost per mw involved in all steps as approval,equipments etc.

  14. DHARMADURAI

    hai

    i am plan to 250kw wind mill can how much cost any budy re
    replay

  15. K Tiwari

    Hi
    I am also going to setup 30 mw wind power plant in Rajasthan

  16. parag agrawal

    hi
    i want to setup a windfarm near Jabalpur in mp. so can u please tell me the procedure for it..

  17. Nalin Gupta

    Hello Parag Agrawal,
    Am from Jabalpur, interested in setting up personal wind turbine 5 – 25 kw, can you help like selecting best system, wind study etc.

  18. vikas Dandwate

    sir,
    we are the company known as vikas enterprises having hill land of 247 acres in kokan ghats intrested party for wind miil project set up may contact on email vikas_lp4026@rediffmail.com for further procedure for set & commencement investor ,manfg. are well come

  19. Lalitha

    thank u for your information,and i want to know how much i need to invest primarily, to take a loan frm state or central to install wind power plant,being a unemployee,reservation women .and how to apply,please help me giving suggestion .this is my email Lalitha_venki@rediffmail.com

  20. Asif Mansoor

    Renewable Energy 2012 Wind Conference being held at Le Meridien, Pune on 29 May 2012

    Asif Mansoor
    asif.mansoor@ubm.com
    9821501408
    022-40461427

  21. JAGDISH ARYA

    I WANT TO INVEST IN ONE TO FIVE MW IN WIND POWER GENERATION IN RAJASTHAN.MAY I KNOW COST OF SUCH FARM AND ANNUAL RETURN FROM ONE MW WIND FARM.AND LET ME KNOW ABOUT SOURCE OF FINANCE i.e.PROMOTERS CONTRIBUTION,EQUITY CAPITAL,LONG TERM LOAN etc.THANKING U

  22. kalpesh

    I want to invest in production of 10MW wind energy project in Gujarat.Can any one guide me proposed profit loss sheet or any one guide for investment and return and possible risk in this project contact me on 09687699572

  23. Maruti Kendole

    Dear Sir ,

    First of i would like to know can Wind Power project can be installed in Solapur ? I want to set 1MW – 5MW Plant .How much will it cost ? What are state and Center incentive ? Pl reply .
    Thanks and regards

    Maruti Kendole

  24. PREMSAGAR

    I WANT TO INVEST IN ONE TO FIVE MW IN WIND POWER GENERATION IN ANDHRA PRADESH.MAY I KNOW COST OF SUCH FARM AND ANNUAL RETURN FROM ONE MW WIND FARM.AND LET ME KNOW ABOUT SOURCE OF FINANCE i.e.PROMOTERS CONTRIBUTION,EQUITY CAPITAL,LONG TERM LOAN etc.THANKING U

  25. phoenix

    can we construct these windmills in smallscale for the household purposes as an power source?

  26. Sneha Shah

    yes windmills can be used for household power source on a small scale

  27. Seshagiri

    hai, i want to know how much cost to set up 5 MW wind form in A P, what are the financial support institution ,

  28. devendra maheshwari

    jai shri krishna
    600 kw wind turbine plants in india guide to cost by mail to replay thanks,

  29. ramesh gaddam

    i want to know about how much wind speed for suitable generate of wind power and in hyderabad /sorounding areas are suitable please let know

  30. Amit Kadam

    Hello,
    I have gone through few websites, which says about Wind power projects but none of the sites have detailed info about the same. I want to know what is the cost for setting up Wind power project with capacity of 2.1MW in Konkan Region.What is the subsidy provided by State Gov and loans provided by banks.

    Your suggestions and inputs are welcome on following email address.

    Regards,
    amit.kadam22@yahoo.in

  31. Rod

    Incredibly Fine see. Offers Thanks for this.

  32. taboh darang

    I am an enterprenures interested to develope wind energy or wind power energy business dont know how to carry out the project even though our state in planty of wind sources.kindly guide me how to prepare project or what are the giudlines and govt.assistance available in this regards

  33. Rahul K

    Plz tell me how to start.

  34. kamal

    Karanarora26@gmail.com you can send the information

  35. bhavik

    I have 5 acres land near Okha, Dist-Dwarika, Gujarat.
    there are so many wind farm in this area. the surveyed average wind speed in this area is 20-21kmph.
    I am very much interested to start wind farm project of 1MW.
    kindly advice..

  36. deepak kashyap

    I m plqnning to setup a windmill plant..kindly give me some suggestions…thanx

  37. app rankings

    I’m starting up a internet blog directory and was wondering if I can
    submit your website? I’m hoping to grow my directory little
    by little by hand so that it maintains top quality. I’ll
    make sure and put your website in the appropriate category
    and I’ll also use, “Wind Power Plants in India” as your anchor text.
    Please let me know if this is okay with you by emailing me.
    Thanks a lot :)

  38. bhuva vipul

    hi i have sell wind mill runing project sell pls call me +919825163339

  39. vinay

    I want to invest in Renewable Energy, Please suggest me how to invest and how much, is minimum investment and what is the returns for investment. thank u. ph no 09845594931. MV.

  40. Kushal

    Hi,
    I am interested in setting up a wind farm project in Rajasthan and Gujarat.i am looking for a partner for it.if any one interested please contact 7209777977.
    I have done a lot of detailed project report study on this.

  41. sandeep mahajan

    Dear Sir ,

    I want to set 1MW – 5MW Plant .How much will it cost ? What are state and Center incentive ? Pl reply .,
    second think is house hold wind mill cost also give.
    Thanks and regards

  42. jitesh vajir

    dear sir
    i want to 1mw to 4 mw plant
    plesae give me coast and nenifit

  43. vikas

    Hi i intrested a 1MG to 4MG wind energy plant so please give me cost and benifits.mo.092288362122.

  44. Ravi

    Hi….V the group interest in investing in Wind power project, please suggest what will be the cost, subsidy & return….also pros & cons

  45. vanraj

    Hello Guys,

    We are providing a to z required information regarding Wind power project (small or large scale) establishment in any state on India.

    Please email me@ vanrajpaul@gmail.com

  46. mahesh

    is it possible for individual to generate wind power in professional way. if possible guide me.
    amm123@rediff.com
    maheshmandwale@gmail.com
    9429892414

  47. senthil Kumar

    Dear Mr Ravi,

    Can you please provide me your email id. So that we can send you the complete details in order to move further in our smooth business relation.
    My Email id skexecution5@gmail.com

    Regards
    Senthil

  48. Hanamanth Zalaki

    Dear Sir ,

    I want to instal 1MW – 3MW Plant in karnataka in bagalkot or Bellary dist .How much will it cost and duration for installation and commissioning? What are state and Center subsidy n bank loan facility also?

    Thanks and regards
    Hanamanth Zalaki
    E-mail: hmzalaki@gmail.com
    ph:9449118282

  49. anand dashora

    Hi, we are interested in wind power for our plastic manufacturing unit 300kv required

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

Leave a Reply